french enlightenment

The History of Power Shifting/Equality in Between the Western and the Eastern

In running over the pages of our history, we shall scarcely find a single great event of the last seven hundred years that has not promoted equality of condition.

The Crusades and the English wars decimated the nobles and divided their possessions: the municipal corporations introduced democratic liberty into the bosom of feudal monarchy; the invention of firearms equalized the vassal and the noble on the field of battle; the art of printing opened the same resources to the minds of all classes; the post brought knowledge alike to the door of the cottage and to the gate of the palace; and Protestantism proclaimed that all men are equally able to find the road to heaven. . The discovery of America opened a thousand new paths to fortune and led obscure adventurers to wealth and power,

         –Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America

I think one of the most conspicuous things in history about the actual differences upon western societies and eastern societies is that this “All men are born equal.” mentality.

From the above words, as you can see, western history is slowly, but constantly shifting the power from the bottom to the top. But this thing rarely happens in eastern history.

Medieval Europe was dominated by feudalism, where the better born—nobles were always seizing the power. And slowly pacing, greater wealth and advanced technology, in other words, more advanced civilization has overthrown the entire society again and again.

This is far too different on East Asian affairs. The world today, is the result of the westernmost democracy revolution, the world is led by the westernmost countries’ advanced and more modern beliefs and ideas.

Talking about the East Asian affairs, its history. For example, the feudal history of China is always about the harmony between the emperor and the populace. A great leader can lead a better population, some emperors of Chinese history had followed the rules, thus sung for generations and left with a good title.

And the Chinese ancestors had already figured out the method to balance the leverage between rulers and rulees—The Imperial Examination, you can go through the exam to score a high mark and grant yourself a position in government, or a rank in the army. Those who want to enter government—doing documentations, are called civil officials; and the those who want to score an army rank, are called martial officials.

This exam is the predecessor of nowadays High School Final Entrance Examination in China, also the predecessor of Japan’s, Korea’s and other South Asian countries testing/examinations’.

It’s actually pretty smart, on the controller aspect, this settles a lot of unsettling in the society, such as how you are unsatisfied with the government, other social issues that have been existing in the society for some time. It’s pretty much, if the government couldn’t do it, you can go for yourself (to do it). It’s genius, or maybe evil genius, to grant the few entrances into the government for the mass rulees, fabricating a dreamy reality that everyone gets to enter the government so to make them feel they are fair and well treated.

And moreover, the rulers can not only use this to comfort the populace’s unsettling, meanwhile they can really select the best of them to actually help them run the country, and most importantly, loyally. This basically kills off many firstborn resentment and rebellions. So the royal family, or the emperor family can run centuries to centuries, as long as the next ruler doesn’t screw up. But the law of reality is, they always fuck up. Thus dynasties changed one after another, and every one of them utilizes this smartass tactic to comfort the population, so the population is always in the dream of and always in the tolerance of their ruler. It’s like the populace are saying, “It’s definitely because some predecessors’ (officials) faults that the dynasty failed to prevail, if it were me, I’d make it better.”

Wow, after thinking through this, I suddenly feel like I have ticked on something—the reason why Chinese are always so slave like to their rulers. And why always so conservative and submissive to whatever the power is up.

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